|Paharpur Buddho Bihar, Naogaon|
Paharpur Buddhist Vihara or Sompur Bihar or somapura Mahavihara is an ancient Buddhist monastery which is situated about 10 km north of Badolgachhi upazila headquarters of Naogaon district. Sri Dharmapaldev, the second king of the Palais, was making this monastery at the end of the eighth century or in the ninth century. In 1879 Sir Cunningham invented this great work. In 1985 UNESCO gave it the status of the World Heritage Site. Paharpur can be called the world's biggest Buddhism. This can be compared to the Nalanda monastery of India. It was the Buddhist's most famous religious practice center for 300 years. Buddhists from other countries such as China, Tibet, Myanmar (then the Brahmadesh), Malaysia, Indonesia etc used to come here to earn religious studies and religious knowledge not just from different places of the subcontinent.
What is there in the Buddhist monastery of Paharpur?
The area of Paharpur Buddhist monastery is 922 feet north-south and 919 feet east-west. According to experts, the highest number of geometrical designs in the world have been found so far, according to experts, Paharpur is the best among them. According to some, there was a Jain temple. The Vihara has been built on the temple. There are 177 houses in Bihar. Buddhist monks lived in the houses. A temple in the middle of Bihar is in the middle. The temple is 400 feet in length, 70 feet in width to 350 feet. In the evolution of time, the upper part of the temple collapsed. On the outer wall there are Buddha statues, Hindu statues of Goddess and lots of burnt soil plaques. These figures illustrate the diverse life stories of ordinary people. The wall of the main wall of Bihar is about 20 feet wide. Another temple in the center of the enclosure.
The land-plan of the Buddhist monastery is Chushkonkar. Both north and south bahubes are 2773 mm and 271.15 meters east and west. Its broad border was surrounded by walls. There were small rooms enclosed in interior areas along the border walls. 45 in the north arm and the other three sides have 44 rooms. Three floors of these rooms were discovered. Each floor was made very firmly on the brick brick with thick melody. In the last era 92 different rooms of the room were built on the floor. From this it can be assumed that in the first era, all the rooms were used as the habitat of monks, but later some rooms were converted into prayer room.
Each of the rooms has doors. These doors are wide on the inside but have become narrow on the outside. In some rooms niches are found. There are several everyday items available on the floor of rooms with niches. The interior of the rooms is 5.26m long and the width is 4.11m. The back walls of the chamber, the boundary wall 4.87m and the front walls 2.44m wide. There is a 2.5-meter wide stretch of verandah in front of the rooms. Each arm is attached with stairs with an open square inside.
Main gate in the middle of the north arm of Bihar is the main gate. There is a hall along with a pillar on the outer and inside and there are small rooms beside it. These rooms were used for various purposes. There was also a small entry path in the middle of the main gate and the northeast of Bihar. The steps that were used to enter the open chamber from here to this day are still there. There were similar steps to the north, south and west sides. Among them there are only signs of the west side stairs. There was a pond in front of the north entrance gate until 1984. According to the data obtained in the year 1984-85, the pond was dug after the first construction period and erosion of the stairs was destroyed. Later the pond was filled up. During the excavation, 125 silver coins of the reign of Khalifa Harun al-Rashid were found in clay pots, they were preserved in the adjacent museum in Paharpur. Besides, many statues, coins, inscriptions etc., rescued from Paharpur Bihar, are preserved in Paharpur Museum.
The ruins of the central temple are in the middle of the open square of the intermediate area of Bihar. The wonderful original temple is the unique architecture of the architecture industry. Extraordinary artistic planning There are about 2 thousand terracotta plaques available in the wall of the temple. It was dispelled by the reflection of the general public life of East Bengal. For example, humans, hunters, dancing women, shepherds, plants, flowers, animals, elephants, horses and much more. Spectacular composition of Sushma is seen in the eyes of the eyes.
The main temple was in the center of Bihar. At the center of the main plan there is a vacuum squatting cell without doors and windows. This chamber stretches from the bottom of the temple to a peak. It is basically the center of this empty chamber built on the structure of the temple. It stepped up like a pyramid step by step. Here was the roundabout path The temple's length is 400 feet, width is 350 feet. The main temple was made of bricks and mud mixed with soil. Historians believe that the beauty of this temple was influenced after the formation style of Burma, Cambodia, Indonesia, Java and the construction of various monasteries of Bali Island. A brick bunk floor was discovered in the centrifugal void room. Outside the floor room, almost all the rooms of the four-chamber and the Mandapo are located on the same plateau. But there is no way or door to go to the central chamber from the four sides, and there is no evidence available after it has been closed. There is no altar or idol of idols in the room. It is therefore assumed that the hammer was an instrument for the construction of high walls of the temple. The statues were probably placed in the rooms around it. There is no clear sign of the top of the temple, since it is not clear about the roof.
There are found ruins of some buildings in the open part of Bihar. The dining-room and cottage shops are located in the southeast part of the courtyard. There are 46 m long brick paved sewage between these two deployments and it has three wells in one row. There are also some submersion stacks, administrative buildings, portrait of the central temple etc. Among the deposited stupas, the stack on the southeast is 16-star star form. A ripe well is in the adjacent area of the stupa, set in a small stage. Apart from this, administrative buildings, cooked houses, feeding shops, submersible ponds, wells etc. are available sporadically.
Bathrooms and toilets
It is basically the buildings located outside of Bihar. A number of baths and toilets were constructed on a platform 27m south from the southern wall of Bihar. It is connected by a high stopping path from the number 102 of Bihar. Below this path there is a vaulted arched parallel to the wall of Bihar wall. Perhaps it was designed to move freely outside Bihar and to arrange drainage.
There are Shanbankhonga Ghats outside the wall from the south-eastern corner of Bihar. It is called the evening ghat. King Meydalan's daughter Sandhavati used to have regular bath at the station. There was a river passing by Bihar. On each side, each wall is 1.5m wide. The ghat from the surface of the ground has dropped down to about 12 meters.
There is a temple outside the east facing wall of 12 m from the bathing site. There are Buddhist goddess Padmapuri statues on the southern wall of the temple. It is locally known as the temple of Gondeshwari. Its length is 6.7m and width is 3.5m. Its front wall looks like a full-blown lotus with various types of flower design and masonry. It has a square holography. An octagonal column is found in the middle of the halghar. Outside of a wall grown in the west, there is a worshiping room of 1.4 m wide square outside. Besides, there are arrangements for setting up of statues in the four halghar niches. There is a terrace in front of the temple. Its floor is separated from erect bricks, and the mantle is different from the other panchayat architectures.
Satpir Bhita is located 365 meters east of Paharpur Bihar. There are ruins of a temple and a lot of diverse sizes and sizes in this Vita. In the temple courtyard around 50 terracotta plaques, erected statues and Buddhist religious doctrines, the terracotta round seals engraved with the idols and the identical identities of the temple. There are 132 submersible stacks in the temple area. Dividing different shapes and designs around the temple gives evidence of the multiplicity of sutpat and the fame and importance of decoration. Among the stupas, the Chutvakon Stupa is located in the southeastern part of the adjoining main temple. The circumference of this stem is 3m long and the outer piece is decorated with orange bricks. Due to the excavation, a paved mausoleum of 1m square has been discovered in the middle of this formula. The staircase was filled with several thousand small mud pots offering a statue. It seems that thousands of pilgrims coming to the temple used to dedicate their memorial memorials to their sacred shrines.
To reach Naogaon town from any corner of the country, you can go straight to the historic Paharpur bus from Naogaon Baludanga Bus Terminal. Approximate distance of approximately 32 kilometers and buses- 30-40 rupees Or you can come to Jaipurpur from any corner of the country or come to Paharpur Buddhist with the bus or autorickshaw. Only 13 kilometers away from Joypurhat, Paharpur Buddhist Vihara.
How to go to Paharpur Buddhist Vihara
If you want to come to Jamalganj Station of Joypurhat by joining the train, you will have to take a van or auto rickshaw if you want to come to Paharpur Buddhist Bihar. Distance from Jamalganj to Paharpur Buddhist vihara is just 5 kilometers.